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Undersecretary Ibach’s First Visit to California in New Role

Undersecretary Ibach visits with California FFA students at the Almond Board booth at The Conference.   Almond Board of California (ABC) was very pleased to welcome the newly appointed Mr. Greg Ibach, undersecretary for marketing and regulatory programs, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), to the 2017 Almond Conference. In addition to attending Conference, Mr. Ibach visited the University of California Agricultural Issues Center (AIC), both stops being part of what was his first trip to California as undersecretary.  ABC, a Federal Marketing Order, is under the supervision of the USDA, specifically, the Agricultural Marketing Service agency. Mr. Ibach toured The Almond Conference trade show floor, meeting with industry members at their many booths and viewing new harvesting equipment. He also attended the luncheon featuring Steve Forbes, after which he met with ABC Board of Directors and other industry members. Their meeting provided an opportunity to talk about the Almond Board’s programs, its partnership with USDA and key issues facing the California Almond industry. The undersecretary was pleased to see many FFA students who volunteer each year at The Almond Conference, and he met with them to discuss their futures in agriculture. Mr. Ibach also met with some 2017 Almond Leadership Program participants, who explained how the program prepares individuals for leadership positions in the California Almond industry. ABC looks forward to working with Mr. Ibach and his staff both in California and Washington, D.C.
Feb 15, 2018 // About the Almond Industry

March 1 Deadline Approaches for Submitting Coalition Reports

Parry Klassen has a friendly reminder for his fellow Central Valley farmers, including almond growers: Don’t miss the deadline for submitting reports to your local Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program (ILRP) coalition.  “We’re at 93% submittal rate of Nitrogen Summary Reports as of February,” said Klassen, who manages the East San Joaquin Water Quality Coalition, one of 13 ILRP coalitions across the Central Valley. “That’s good, but we need 100% by the March 1 deadline. Our coalitions are mandated to turn over the names of those who don’t submit these summary reports.” Growers in ‘high-vulnerability’ areas must submit a Nitrogen Management Plan summary report. All growers must submit a Farm Evaluation report. Missing the deadline can result in serious consequences. The Regional Water Quality Control Board has authority to fine growers up to $1,000 per day, and several growers who have failed to submit reports in the past have been fined more than $30,000. While paperwork is no one’s favorite component of running an operation, completing farm evaluations and nitrogen plans provide benefits to both growers and the environment. Ensuring proper application of nitrogen helps ensure good yields, save money and protect local groundwater. Who needs to comply? The requirement to submit Nitrogen Management Plan summary reports to the local ILRP coalition applies to all Central Valley growers in high-vulnerability areas for groundwater contamination. All growers must submit a Farm Evaluation. How do I comply? Complete and submit the plans to your local ILRP coalition. A complete list with contact information is available at the California Water Boards’ webpage. Where can I get help? Your Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) may be a helpful resource in completing your summary report. Coalitions also hold periodic educational events to assist growers in understanding the requirements and provide education that allows growers to self-certify their reports. Learn more at Almond Board resources Almond Board of California developed the Nitrogen Calculator, a tool that not only helps almond growers manage nitrogen applications for efficient fertilizer use, but also generates a Nitrogen Management Plan as required by ILRP. Built on University of California research, the Nitrogen Calculator has grower-friendly features, including a library of fertilizers in pull-down menus for easy rate calculations. It also calculates nitrogen contributions from non-fertilizer sources, such as groundwater, compost and legume cover crops, and can recalculate fertilizer rates as applications are made during the season. Growers can reference the calculator and other information on nutrient management while working toward the March 1 deadline at Changes coming to the Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program On February 7, 2018 the State Water Board adopted changes to the ILRP. While they will not affect what is required for the 2018 growing season, some of the changes will take effect in the 2019 growing season. Key changes include keeping track of irrigation in the nitrogen management plans; setting timeframes for the Coalitions to establish actual nitrogen needs for most of the crops grown in the Central Valley (already have for almonds); drinking water well monitoring; etc. The Almond Board will continue to share updates on this important issue as more information becomes available.
Feb 15, 2018 // Orchard Management

A Growing Opportunity for Almond Milk

Got almond milk? In 2017, many Americans did, with the category growing to the second largest almond volume category, according to retail estimates. At the same time, almond milk came under media and potential legislative scrutiny as the dairy industry questioned the use of the word “milk” for non-dairy alternatives. To help protect the overall reputation of almonds and one of its most important uses, the Almond Board of California’s (ABC) North American team launched new communications initiatives around the versatility of almond milk. While responding to questions about using the word “milk,” ABC conducted consumer research among almond milk drinkers in the U.S. It turned out the top reason consumers choose almond milk is for taste. This was an interesting learning since a common assumption was most people chose almond milk for dietary concerns or special dietary needs. Another key finding was that most people who consume almond milk also have dairy milk in the fridge – the two products are just used in different ways and for different members of the household.     Chef Dan Churchill of Scripps     Networks’ “Feast with Friends”     and “Good Morning America” With the consumer research findings, ABC developed a new campaign called “All the Places Almond Milk Can Go” to specifically target current almond milk lovers. The idea is to encourage this target audience to deepen their loyalty and consume almond milk in a variety of ways, rather than just the cereal, coffee and smoothie combinations they already enjoy. The campaign has worked to motivate almond milk lovers through social media. A main component of the campaign involved ABC’s partnership with Chef Dan Churchill of Scripps Networks’ Feast with Friends and Good Morning America. Chef Dan led his Instagram followers in a discovery of different almond milk recipes by showing a teaser for two recipes each for breakfast, dinner and dessert, then – based on the followers’ votes between the two recipes – he created and shared videos of the full recipe. The winning recipes can be found here. In addition, Almond Board has been working with experts at Nourish to develop a series of fast-motion, ‘hands and pans’-style recipe videos to showcase the versatility of almond milk on Facebook. The first recipe was a brownie breakfast bake, and the second a creamy roasted carrot soup. They will also do a series of cookies and one-skillet dinners, all using almond milk.  Lastly, ABC partnered with several popular food bloggers and Instagram influencers to showcase how they enjoy almond milk and share some inspirational tips. One of the most popular tips was doing an almond milk hair mask, which apparently really made a difference! To follow all the great almond milk content  and to share amongst your social networks, visit and follow ABC’s consumer social media channels.    
Feb 09, 2018 // About the Almond Industry

Increasing ‘Crop per Drop’ through Advanced Water Management Practices

California Almond industry members lead California agriculture in improving water use efficiency.1 Nearly 80% of California Almond orchards use microirrigation and 87% of almond growers use demand-based irrigation scheduling.2 Adoption of advanced irrigation management practices like these helps growers get more out of their orchards while maximizing efficiency. Innovations in irrigation practices stem from research investments. The California Almond industry, through Almond Board of California (ABC), has invested nearly $70 million over more than 40 years to build a foundation of research on improving how almonds are grown, processed and consumed. The foundation includes 201 different water research projects spanning irrigation efficiency, groundwater recharge and water quality. Through production improvements and adoption of water efficient technologies, this investment has helped the industry reduce the amount of water needed to grow a pound of almonds by 33% over the past 20 years.3 A roadmap to continued improvement While the industry has made strides in irrigation efficiency, there’s more everyone can do, which is why the Almond Board and almond irrigation experts developed the Almond Irrigation Improvement Continuum in 2017. The Continuum provides a path to improvement for every almond grower across varying stages of irrigation precision using five key management areas: Calculating Orchard Water Requirements Monitoring Irrigation System Performance Measuring Applied Water Monitoring Soil Moisture Monitoring Plant Water Status Recognizing that growers may be operating at different stages of irrigation efficiency, the Continuum provides information at three proficiency levels (1.0, 2.0 and 3.0). The Almond Board’s goal is to assist the industry in meeting level 1.0. These are irrigation management practices that are within reach for all California Almond growers and can be implemented with limited additional investment in time and/or financial resources. Levels 2.0 and 3.0 refine irrigation management with the employment of additional investments and more advanced practices. Leading this initiative is Spencer Cooper, senior manager, Irrigation and Water Efficiency for ABC. He provides system-specific recommendations to attain even more ’crop per drop’ on an orchard-by-orchard basis. Understanding the nuances of each orchard’s conditions is crucial in Cooper’s work but will also benefit industry members when reviewing their operations independently. To help, the California Almond Sustainability Program (CASP) offers a variety of tools to facilitate improvement in the orchard and beyond.4 Nearly a quarter of California’s productive almond acreage has been assessed to date through CASP. The data gathered through self-assessments provides statistically significant information about the use of distinct management techniques and practices across the growing region. Participation in CASP gives credit where credit is due, and helps the Almond Board tell the industry’s story to consumers, buyers and food companies to help our target audiences understand the practices used to put almonds on their table. Prospects in the orchard In addition to fueling irrigation improvements, the Almond Board’s research investments are forging a path towards future innovations. A more notable prospect is already taking place in almond orchards: groundwater recharge. Groundwater is a vital resource in California, held in underground aquifers that are collectively California’s largest water storage system. In addition to surface water, which is moved around the state via rivers, aqueducts, reservoirs and canals, groundwater plays an important role in growing food and providing drinking water for Californians. ABC-led research efforts dating back to 2015 are exploring to what extent almond orchards may be used to replenish underground aquifers. The research involves multiple on-farm trials, where sites are being flooded with excess winter stormwater to determine how recharge may affect orchard health, water quality and other factors. The findings from these studies will help develop best practices for some growers to participate in on-farm recharge and promote groundwater sustainability. Across the industry, research continues to advance what’s possible in managing and maximizing almond water use. To learn more about current practices and those on the horizon, visit and sign up for the sustainability program at [1] California Department of Water Resources. California Water Plan Update 2013: Volume 3, Chapter 2. [2] California Almond Sustainability Program. August 2017. [3] University of California, 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2012. Almond Board of California, 1990 –94, 2000 –14. [4] Sustainable almond farming utilizes production practices that are economically viable and based upon scientific research, common sense and a respect for the environment, neighbors and employees. The result is a plentiful, healthy and safe food product.
Feb 09, 2018 // Environmental Sustainability, About the Almond Industry

Tips for Bloom: Address Disease Potential, Promote Bee Health

Almond bloom is nearly here, and growers have much to consider during this key time of the season. Among the top of the checklist are pollination and disease management, two elements that must coexist to maximize benefits, both for the orchard and its honey bee visitors. Balancing disease control and bee safety Curbing disease during bloom helps promote a healthy orchard. Fungicides are customarily needed during this time, and Almond Board of California offers precautions to ensure both honey bee hive health and the best possible crop.  Communicate: Grower and beekeeper should agree to a pesticide plan that outlines which pest control materials may be used. If a treatment is necessary, growers should inform beekeepers 48 hours in advance. Avoid applying insecticides, with the exception of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), during bloom. Ongoing research has shown that a number of insecticides labeled as safe for adult bees impact developing immature brood in the hive, especially if mixed with a fungicide. Read labels and follow directions: Fungicide labels contain directions for use related to bee safety, and “Bee Hazard” warnings are typically included in the Environmental Hazards section or in a specific call-out. Mind the time: Any fungicide application deemed necessary during bloom should occur in the late afternoon or evening when bees and pollen are no longer present. Promote on-target application: It’s important not to spray hives with any pesticide application. Spray rig drivers should turn off nozzles when near hives. Growers should be cautious about adjuvants: Emerging research indicates additional adjuvants may negatively impact bee health. Most fungicides are formulated with adjuvants. Unless stated on the label, adding adjuvants do not improve fungicide efficacy. Provide a water source: This will ensure bees spend more time pollinating than searching for water. The water source (a bucket with burlap to provide a bee-landing platform) should be covered or removed before application or emptied and refilled after application. Report issues: Report suspected pesticide-related incidences to county ag commissioners. Bee health concerns cannot be addressed without data from potential incidents. Additional considerations A new ‘school rule’ that will impact bloom sprays took effect Jan. 1. It prohibits the application of any pesticide, either by airblast sprayer or by air, within a quarter-mile of public schools and licensed day care centers Monday through Friday between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. The county ag commissioner office can advise which orchards are affected by the rule. With proper planning, growers can effectively navigate pollination while protecting orchards and honey bees. For the comprehensive set of Honey Bee Best Management Practices (BMPs), the grower quick guide and applicator/driver quick guide, visit 
Feb 05, 2018 // Orchard Management

Supporting Almond Business Growth, Telling Your Story

Did you know that 50% of almond processors are using solar energy at their facilities, or that 78% of growers are using micro-irrigation?1,2 Improvements like these are just two of many examples we can point to in the almond industry.  Underlying the advancements and innovation is nearly $70 million in Almond Board of California-funded research spanning more than 40 years. To showcase this heritage of responsible farming and processing, Almond Board of California released Growing Good, its first-annual almond sustainability publication. The document details the industry’s journey of continuous improvement — always fine-tuning and, where possible, seeing how the latest science and technology can be taken to the next level. Growing Good illustrates the journey and the many milestones the industry has achieved along the way. The publication gives credit where credit is due, nodding to growers’ and handlers’ responsible practices and shines a spotlight on the California Almond Sustainability Program, as well ABC’s research focus in Water Efficiency, Coproducts, and Bee Health and Pollination. In addition, four almond grower profiles give a personal look into how these improvements come to life in the orchard. The Almond Board is sharing the publication with consumers, buyers and food companies to help our target audiences understand the practices used to put almonds on their table. Growing Good is available in print and online at For your very own copy, email Ashley Bloemhof at [1] Land IQ. Almond Process or Solar Analysis. December 2016. [2] California Almond Sustainability Program. August 2017.
Feb 05, 2018 // Environmental Sustainability, About the Almond Industry

And the Candidates Are…

The Almond Board of California’s 2018 Board of Directors election is under way. Voting began Jan. 26, and ballots must be received by the Almond Board no later than Feb. 15. Here’s a look at this year's candidates:    Independent grower positions:   Position One, Member (One-year term):   Mike Mason, Wasco (incumbent) Position One, Alternate: Brad Klump, Escalon (incumbent)   Position Three, Member (Three-year term):   Holly King, Bakersfield (incumbent)    Dave DeFrank, Fresno (petitioner) Position Three, Alternate: Caleb Gervase, Escalon (incumbent)   Independent handler positions:   Position Two, Member (Three-year term):   Todd Meyer, Chico (incumbent) Position Two, Alternate: Dexter Long, Ballico (incumbent)   Position Three, Member (Three-year term):   Micah Zeff, Modesto (incumbent) Position Three, Alternate: Dinesh Bajaj, Chico (incumbent)   These positions will serve as directors for Almond Board of California (ABC) with terms beginning March 1. Ballots and instructions have been mailed to all independent growers whose names are on file with ABC. The Almond Board must receive ballots by Feb. 15 in order for them to be counted. If an independent grower does not receive a ballot, they may contact Bunnie Ibrahim at (209) 343-3228 to obtain one.   As a governing body for the industry, the ABC Board of Directors is comprised of five handler and five grower representatives who set policy and recommend budgets in several major areas including: production research, public relations and advertising, nutrition research, statistical reporting, quality control and food safety.
Feb 03, 2018 // About the Almond Board, About the Almond Industry

Research with the Grower in Mind

Bob Curtis’s history with Almond Board of California (ABC) is one that truly stands the test of time. When the Almond Board research program formally launched in 1973, Curtis became the first ABC-funded graduate student to do production research in the orchard. Then, after earning his master’s degree, Curtis’s relationship with ABC evolved into a full-time position as manager of the Almond Board’s production research program.  “At that time,” said Curtis, “navel orangeworm was a serious concern for the industry, and so much of my job involved helping develop a lot of specifics for our Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program. I was involved with that on the ground level.” With Curtis’s efforts and collaboration with researchers, instances of navel orangeworm (NOW) in the almond orchard were reduced from 8.8% in 1978 to around 1% today. And, with this reduction, an associated lowered risk of aflatoxin naturally followed. The Almond Board’s IPM program has since been recognized four times for environmental stewardship by government agencies, once specifically for effectively combatting NOW instances. Today, 45 years after he first arrived in almonds at the Almond Board, Curtis is the Director of Agricultural Affairs. A tie to the industry After years spent in almonds, Curtis went to work in the strawberry industry and then worked for Campbell Soup Company. In 2006, though, Curtis decided it was time to “come back home” as he said he “felt a tie to the industry.” “I was attracted to come back because this is a very proactive industry in dealing with issues, and I worked in a good environment that allowed me to manage the research program and then apply the results to work in the field,” said Curtis. Throughout his career, Curtis has wasted no time seeing those results in action. Curtis works with various researchers and experts on increasing almond production, improving efficiency and, most notably as of late, increasing the industry’s water-use efficiency. Other significant advances include progress in variety selection, tree spacing and pruning, and nitrogen management plans, a topic Curtis believes will be a growing area of discussion in upcoming years. No two days are the same for Curtis. Over the years, as the almond industry has grown, Curtis’s role has changed from solely managing and executing production research to addressing questions posed by the media. Among topics he addresses, Curtis often fields questions regarding the almond industry’s responsible farming practices and efficient use of resources. In those cases, he openly shares both the Almond Board’s dedication to research and the industry’s desire to continually improve on-the-farm practices. The highest standard for almond research While no day is routine, Curtis’s year is broken up into natural seasons of activity. From winter through early spring, Curtis, along with ABC colleague Gabriele Ludwig, Ph.D., director, sustainability & environmental affairs, and ABC’s environmental and ag affairs team, develops a call for research proposals and begins the process of developing next year’s research program. In addition to helping lead that process, Curtis and Ludwig are staff liaisons for the Almond Board’s Strategic Ag Innovation Committee (SAIC) as well as a number of its reporting workgroups: Harvesting Irrigation & Nutrients, Soil Health Orchard, Tree, Rootstock Pest Management Pollination & Bee Health Sustainability/CASP To produce the highest caliber research, Curtis works with individuals in the educational, environmental and regulatory communities to collaborate on advancements in agriculture production and sustainable farming. Among those partners and organizations are University of California Cooperative Extension and various beekeeper groups like Project Apis m. and the Honey Bee Health Coalition. Curtis also is involved in a number of advisory panels, including UC Davis’ Dean’s Advisory Council for the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. In 2013, the college recognized Curtis with an Award of Distinction for his work as a liaison between the almond industry and the ag research community. He sits on other advisory groups for the UC and USDA, spanning topic areas of pollination, integrated pest management and plant breeding. “The networking and collaborating Gabriele and I have with other industry groups is extremely beneficial and important,” said Curtis. Propelling industry advancement As he looks back over his career, Curtis is most proud of the following three accomplishments: Significantly reducing navel orangeworm in the orchard Creating and implementing ABC’s Integrated Pest Management program Increasing almond orchard’s productivity per acre and water use efficiency Amidst research project development, interview requests, committee meetings and maintaining relationships with multiple organizations, Curtis’s favorite days are those spent in the orchard with growers and researchers. Curtis enjoys learning how growers farm and run their operations, and he is especially thrilled when he sees research conducted in the orchard adopted by growers and implemented on the farm. “I was away from the almond industry for 18 years, and so coming back and seeing the transformation and growth in leadership that the almond industry has assumed is noteworthy,” said Curtis. “We are a significant piece of California agriculture, and it's important for us to be good stewards in that leadership role.” When he looks to the industry’s future, Curtis has no doubt that challenges are on the horizon. But is he not phased. “I believe that with the resources, tools and overall enthusiasm and outlook we have, we are well suited to take on those challenges and move the industry forward.”
Feb 03, 2018 // About the Almond Board

Produce Safety Rule Compliance Date and Exemption Update

Larger almond operations have a key compliance date just ahead. Jan. 26, 2018, is the initial compliance date for the Produce Safety rule, applying to farms with more than $500,000 in annual produce sales. Growers (along with huller/shellers and brownskin almond handlers that meet the primary or secondary farm definition) that fit this category must comply with the Produce Safety rule by either utilizing the Produce Safety rule exemption for commercial processing or complying with all applicable Produce Safety rule requirements. On Jan. 4, 2018, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that they will be utilizing enforcement discretion for the written assurance provisions in the Food Safety Modernization Act Rules. This decision was made to allow FDA more time to clarify requirements around written assurances and engage in rulemaking and/or industry guidance on the issue. In light of this, and in conversation with FDA, Almond Board of California (ABC) confirmed that growers or other operations meeting the farm definition can obtain the grower exemption as long as they provide proper written disclosures as shown below. Written assurance requirements have been essentially tabled pending further FDA review and rulemaking.   Grower/Farm Exemption Required Written Disclosure Statement: Almonds are not processed to adequately reduce the presence of microorganisms of public health significance Almond Farms (primary or secondary) should provide the above written disclosure to the Huller/Sheller and to the Handler. Disclosure may be made in documents accompanying the product including: Grower tags Delivery Statements Bills of Lading Contracts Other means which are specific to grower lots, provided on behalf of the grower to the Huller/Sheller and Handler Growers should prepare a Produce Safety Exemption Plan describing the process for providing disclosure.   In addition, FDA announced that they will be exercising enforcement discretion for facilities that would qualify as secondary activities farms except for the ownership requirement. This means that those facilities such as huller/shellers who currently don’t satisfy the ownership requirement for being considered secondary activities farms, may not have Preventive Controls or Good Manufacturing Practices obligations as specified under the Preventive Controls Rule. ABC is seeking clarification on this point. Even though an exemption to the Produce Safety Rule is currently available to almond growers or other farm type operations, ABC is recommending that each farm operation designate an individual to attend a one-day Produce Safety Training. ABC is hosting trainings on Feb. 8, Mar. 2 and Mar. 14 in Modesto, Sacramento and Tulare, respectively. Please contact Jayme Puthoff to RSVP for the Produce Safety Trainings by telephone at 209-343-3279, or by email at
Jan 17, 2018 // Quality and Food Safety

Research Investment to Fuel the Farm of the Future

California Almonds have changed significantly over the years. Growing practices have advanced, acreage has expanded and yields have improved, all helping to secure almonds as the largest U.S. specialty crop export. To continue propelling the industry forward, Almond Board of California (ABC) is funding research to foster innovation in the orchard. At the 2017 Almond Conference, the Almond Board unveiled an investment of $4.8 million in 64 independent, third-party research projects exploring next-generation farming practices and released Growing Good, the first annual almond sustainability publication. Growing Good highlights the industry’s evolving farming and processing best practices and will be updated to include new findings based on continued research. Research programs funded in part by the Almond Board provide a scientific basis for best practices across several priority areas. Three areas that will be central to the farm of the future include water sustainability, protection of honey bees and new uses of almond hulls, shells and woody materials in an effort to use everything produced in the orchard. Water Sustainability Richard Waycott, president and CEO, ABC, envisions farm of the future at The Almond Conference Since 1982, California Almond growers have committed $6.7 million to 201 different water research projects spanning irrigation efficiency, groundwater recharge and water quality. Through production improvements and adoption of water-efficient technologies, this investment has helped almond growers reduce the amount of water needed to grow a pound of almonds by 33% over the past 20 years.1 Of this year’s projects, 14 focus on water with an investment of $1.2 million. Honey Bee Health Since honey bee health was made a strategic research priority of the Almond Board in 1995, the California Almond community has committed $2.6 million dollars in support of 113 projects that address the five major factors impacting honey bee health. Research has also supported the development of orchard practices designed to keep bees safe during almond pollination. California Almond growers added to that investment this year with six research projects totaling nearly $300,000, funding more honey bee health research than any other crop group.2 Coproduct Innovation Growing almonds produces more than the nut, and the California Almond community has ensured that almond coproducts like shells, hulls and trees are put to beneficial use through investment in 58 research projects since 1977, totaling $1.6 million. Nine studies have been funded this year with a commitment of $540,000 to determine how almond coproducts may address needs across food, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, automotive and more.  “Almond Board of California, in collaboration with our industry partners, is working every day to bring profitable, innovative solutions for coproducts back to growers and processors,” said Rory Crowley, a Chico almond grower and research collaborator. “Having a robust economic outlook while remaining committed to environmental sustainability is not mutually exclusive, which is why I’m excited to be a part of this effort.” Each research project demonstrates the commitment to helping the California Almond community grow the farm of the future. “We are family farmers. For the most part, we live on our farms or very close by to them, raise our kids here and want them to inherit our farms and our companies,” said Richard Waycott, president and CEO, ABC. “When we think about improving our industry across the myriad areas of opportunity, it also involves wanting to make a better environment for our children and grandchildren. Research investment plays a huge role in this future.” Over more than 40 years, the California Almond community has invested nearly $70 million to build a foundation of research on improving how almonds are grown, processed and consumed. For more information about the research conducted to improve the industry, visit and the Research Database at   1University of California. UC Drought Management. Feb. 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 66 – Crop yield in response to water. 2012. Almond Board of California. Almond Almanac 1990-94, 2000-14. 2Gene Brandi. Vice President, American Beekeeping Federation.
Jan 16, 2018 // About the Almond Industry, About the Almond Board
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